Climate Change Puts Pressure on Turkey's Bee Population

MURGUL, TURKEY - AUGUST 18: Beekeeper Naci Hatiloglu does routine maintenance to one of his traditional karakovan hives on August 18, 2023 in Murgul, Turkey. Karakovan hives are placed high in the trees to protect them from bears. They are made of hollowed-out logs and are famous among beekeepers, beekeepers often use ropes to climb into the trees to access the hives. Hives will stay years or even decades in the same location. The traditional way of beekeeping is practiced across the east black sea region and preserved predominately by the Hemsin people, originating from Armenia. In the past, the Black Sea region mostly produced honey through Karakovan hives, however in the past twenty years there has been a decline, due to the high cost and difficulty involved with maintaining, and accessing them, with new generation beekeepers opting for the easier box hive methods. Climate change has played a big part in the decline, the increased risk of bee disease, due to changing weather conditions, increased rain and higher humidity and the difficulty accessing the hives, means beekeepers are unable to monitor colonies for disease, resulting in increased bee deaths. In 2023 beekeepers expect to see a 70% decline in honey production across the region and a 25% increase in colony loss. Turkey is the worlds second largest honey producer after China; however, years of climate change is decimating Turkey’s bee populations. Increases in wildfires, heatwaves, drought, fluctuating rainfall patterns and rising humidity, have taken a huge toll on bee populations pushing the industry into crisis. Honey production across the country for 2023 is expected to be down 40% to 50% on previous years due to climate conditions. Turkey is home to eight species of bees, bees are an essential part of our ecosystems, without bee’s plants can’t be pollinated putting the whole ecosystem under pressure (Photo by Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
MURGUL, TURKEY - AUGUST 18: Beekeeper Naci Hatiloglu does routine maintenance to one of his traditional karakovan hives on August 18, 2023 in Murgul, Turkey. Karakovan hives are placed high in the trees to protect them from bears. They are made of hollowed-out logs and are famous among beekeepers, beekeepers often use ropes to climb into the trees to access the hives. Hives will stay years or even decades in the same location. The traditional way of beekeeping is practiced across the east black sea region and preserved predominately by the Hemsin people, originating from Armenia. In the past, the Black Sea region mostly produced honey through Karakovan hives, however in the past twenty years there has been a decline, due to the high cost and difficulty involved with maintaining, and accessing them, with new generation beekeepers opting for the easier box hive methods. Climate change has played a big part in the decline, the increased risk of bee disease, due to changing weather conditions, increased rain and higher humidity and the difficulty accessing the hives, means beekeepers are unable to monitor colonies for disease, resulting in increased bee deaths. In 2023 beekeepers expect to see a 70% decline in honey production across the region and a 25% increase in colony loss. Turkey is the worlds second largest honey producer after China; however, years of climate change is decimating Turkey’s bee populations. Increases in wildfires, heatwaves, drought, fluctuating rainfall patterns and rising humidity, have taken a huge toll on bee populations pushing the industry into crisis. Honey production across the country for 2023 is expected to be down 40% to 50% on previous years due to climate conditions. Turkey is home to eight species of bees, bees are an essential part of our ecosystems, without bee’s plants can’t be pollinated putting the whole ecosystem under pressure (Photo by Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
Climate Change Puts Pressure on Turkey's Bee Population
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Getty Images News
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18 August, 2023
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